Showing 56 posts tagged memory

If memories adjust to current context when evoked, then they become a part of the developmental process rather than a record of the past. This makes studying childhood more difficult, but it refocuses us on the importance and fascination of development itself. Rather than try to relate events recalled during a specific moment of adult retrospection to an adult’s sexual desire as assessed during that moment of recall, we need to take multiple dips into a set of children’s lives to examine a wider variety of boyhoods, girlhoods, and developing identities as they emerge and evolve in real time.

The Evidence of Memory | Boston Review

The search engine giant has received nearly 145,000 requests to take down 497,000 websites in the wake of a major court ruling in Europe earlier this year, it said in a report on Friday. Google has complied with about 41 percent of those requests.

Google ‘forgets’ 170,000 websites | TheHill

That suggests that, technically, the many little circuits of neurons that store our earliest memories are not wiped out by neurogenesis. Instead, they are thoroughly restructured, which probably explains why the original memories become so difficult to recall. “We think it’s an accessibility issue,” Frankland says, “but it’s sort of a semantic issue too. If a memory becomes impossible to access, then it is effectively erased.”

This Is Where Your Childhood Memories Went - Issue 16: Nothingness - Nautilus

The haptic and tactile feedback of a Kindle does not provide the same support for mental reconstruction of a story as a print pocket book does.

Researchers at Norway’s Stavanger University say that you’re less likely to remember stuff reading it from a Kindle than you are a book, and the fact that you don’t have to turn the page may be part of the reason. (via shortformblog)

Researchers at Dartmouth and the University of North Carolina announced Tuesday that new evidence indicates that the retrosplenial cortex—a little-studied region near the center of the brain—is important in the formation of this kind of information, called episodic memories. Specifically, they believe the retrosplenial cortex may help make sense of the burst of new stimuli in a new environment: It may be the place where the body’s senses are integrated. When you walk into someone’s office, your brain records the location of the pieces of furniture, screens, bookshelves and windows inside, said David Bucci, a professor of psychological and brain sciences at Dartmouth and one of the authors of the paper. Your brain may not remember the arrangement of that office if nothing important happens inside—in fact, you’ll probably forget it—but if something memorable does happen, you will commit the setup of that room to your memory. That room will be forever linked to what you learned inside it.

In the Brain, Memories Are Inextricably Tied to Place - The Atlantic

Their repetitive teaching process used a technique called “spaced repetition,” the process of periodic quizzes, reviews and additions of new information that’s familiar to anyone who’s ever taken a foreign language class. By the end of the process, 94 percent of the users could type their password or passphrase from memory. Though they had to log in 90 times to finish the tests, the subjects could type their password or passphrase without any prompting after a median of 36 tries. Three days later, 88 percent still recalled it, and only 21 percent said that they had written it down. One subject told the researchers that “the words are branded into my brain.”

How to Teach Humans to Remember Really Complex Passwords | Threat Level | WIRED

The device will be able to “bridge the gaps that interfere with a person’s memory functions and effectively restore their abilities.” The chip would, effectively, become a neural prosthesis. Justin Sanchez, DARPA program manager, issued this statement, “The start of the Restoring Active Memory program marks an exciting opportunity to reveal many new aspects of human memory and learn about the brain in ways that were never before possible. Anyone who has witnessed the effects of memory loss in another person knows its toll and how few options are available to treat it. We’re going to apply the knowledge and understanding gained in RAM to develop new options for treatment through technology.”

Pentagon Well On Their Way to Building a Human Memory Chip - The Wire

Google engineers overnight updated the company’s technical infrastructure to begin implementing the removals, and Thursday began sending the first emails to individuals informing them that links they had requested were being taken down. The company has hired a dedicated “removals team” to evaluate each request, though only a small number of the initial wave of takedown requests has so far been processed.

Google Starts Removing Search Results Under Europe’s ‘Right to be Forgotten’ - WSJ

As formulated by the court, the “right to be forgotten” represents a break from foundational understandings of protections for individual reputation and privacy. Unlike the well-established prohibition on defamation, or newer doctrine that sanctions placing an individual in a false light, the ruling holds that information may be removed from search engines even if it is completely true. And in a marked departure from common understandings of privacy and due process, information may be scrubbed without a showing that its publication harms the complainant in any way. Instead of placing the burden on those who wish to remove facts about themselves from the stream of history, search companies and the general public will now be required to demonstrate that information has not become “inadequate, irrelevant or no longer relevant, or excessive” to the purpose for which it was collected, “in the light of the time that has elapsed.” According to the opinion, the “right to be forgotten” overrides, as a rule, the rights of search engine companies to operate and “the interest of the general public” in finding information about a person. Given the potential for abuse posed by the court’s ruling, it is small wonder that a number of commentators have called the ruling “Orwellian.” But in contrast with the brutal intent of Orwell’s nightmare government, the European court’s ruling attempts — albeit unsuccessfully — to address a legitimate concern of the digital age: How do individuals who have not sought out publicity prevent themselves from becoming the subjects of some form of unwanted gaze, oftentimes without cause? And, more broadly, does the Internet’s persistent archiving of facts overwhelm individuals’ privacy interests, to the point where no aspect of one’s life is immune from permanent examination?

EU ‘Right to be Forgotten’ Ruling Will Corrupt History | Mediashift | PBS

Within 24 hours of putting the form online, Google had reportedly received 12,000 deletion requests — and by Monday, that figure had risen to 41,000, according to a source at the company.

Google has received over 41,000 requests to ‘forget’ personal information | ITworld